Aortic Stenosis

Aortic Stenosis Treatment

Treatment for aortic stenosis depends on how far the disease has progressed. If the patient's stenosis is mild, medication may be prescribed to regulate the heart, prevent blood clots, and manage symptoms. However, medication is a palliative therapy and is not an effective treatment for severe aortic stenosis. The only effective treatment for severe aortic stenosis is to replace the diseased aortic valve. This can be done with open heart surgery or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).

TAVR Procedure - Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

TAVR is less invasive than open heart surgery. It uses a catheter to replace the heart valve instead of opening up the chest and completely removing the diseased valve. The bioprosthetic valve used during TAVR is inserted within the diseased aortic valve. The valve is crimped onto a balloon that is expanded and pushes the leaflets of the diseased valve aside.

Open Heart Surgery

During open heart surgery, the surgeon removes the diseased aortic valve and replaces it with either a mechanical valve (made from man-made materials) or a biological valve (made from animal or human tissue), through a median sternotomy or a small right anterior thoracotomy (minimally invasive approach).


Who should have TAVR?

Nov 14, 2016, 07:35 AM
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For patients who have been deemed high or greater risk for traditional open-chest surgery, a procedure called transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) may be a treatment option. TAVR allows the aortic valve to be replaced, and like open-heart surgery, TAVR produces results in improving patients’ quality of life and lifespan. Patients with a history of stroke, prior chest radiation, prior open heart surgery, COPD, frailty, renal insufficiency, advanced age, and other conditions may be appropriate for TAVR.

Categories : TAVR
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